Betaine is used together with other medicines and a specific diet to treat homocystinuria (an inherited disease wherein the body is unable to completely break down the amino acid methionine).
Homocystinuria is characterised by the formation of clots in the veins, bone weakness and other bone abnormalities, and eye lens abnormalities.
Take Betaine exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor.
You may take this medicine with or without food. Try to take it at the same time each day.
Betaine is available as an oral powder.
Follow these steps to prepare this medicine:
- Shake the bottle lightly before removing the cap.
- Use the correct measuring spoon or scoop provided to measure the dose. Refer to the package insert for directions on how the spoon or scoop should be used.
- Mix the powder with 120-180 mL (4-6 ounces) of water, juice, milk or formula until completely dissolved, or mix with food.
- Consume immediately after mixing.
- Replace the cap of the bottle tightly after use.
The dose of this medicine will be decided by your doctor. Your doctor will advise you on the treatment timeframe depending on your condition and response to the medication.
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal dosing schedule.
DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.
If you often forget to take your medicine, let your doctor and pharmacist know.
Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Be sure to check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving Betaine to a child. Children may be more sensitive to the side effects.
For as long as you are taking this medicine, you may need to have regular blood tests to check your body's response to the medicine. Your doctor will advise you about how often you need to have blood tests.
Betaine may cause any of the following side effects: nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach discomfort, dental disorders, hair loss, hives, abnormal skin odour, loss of appetite, irritability, agitation, disturbed sleep, and lack of control over passing urine.
Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience morning headaches with vomiting and/or changes in your vision.
Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.
Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements, and medicines that you buy without a prescription.
It is important to adhere to the diet prescribed by your doctor.
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.
Protect from moisture.
Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.