Sodium citrate

Generic Medicine Info
Indications and Dosage
Adult: In female patients: 1 sachet (4 g) tid for 2 days. Dissolve contents in a glass of water.

Adult: For use with automated plasmapheresis equipment: As 4% trisodium citrate dihydrate solution: Recommended dose is determined by apheresis device. Refer to device operator’s manual.
Renal Impairment
Severe: Contraindicated.
Should be taken with food. Take w/in 30 min after a meal or bedtime snack. Swallow whole w/ a glass of water. Ensure adequate fluid intake.
Heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, or those on a low salt diet. Severe renal impairment, oliguria, azotemia or anuria. Pregnancy and lactation. Not intended for direct IV infusion.
Special Precautions
Patient with peripheral or pulmonary oedema; severely-ill patients or those who are in shock. Renal and hepatic impairment.
Adverse Reactions
Cardiac disorders: Arrhythmia.
Gastrointestinal disorders: Diarrhoea, gastrointestinal discomfort.
Nervous system disorders: Paraesthesia.
Renal and urinary disorder: Diuresis.
Vascular disorder: Hypotension.
Monitoring Parameters
Monitor serum creatinine, BUN, LFTs, serum bicarbonate and urinary pH.
Symptoms: Gastrointestinal discomfort, diarrhoea. Management: Symptomatic treatment. May do fluid and electrolyte balance correction.
Drug Interactions
Na-containing preparation increases lithium excretion and reduced plasma levels.
Description: Sodium citrate is metabolised to bicarbonate, which in turn neutralises gastric acid with the production of carbon dioxide. It also acts as an extracorporeal anticoagulant by chelating free Ca in the blood and inhibits clotting.
Metabolism: Converted to bicarbonate via hepatic oxidation.
Excretion: Via urine, <5% as sodium citrate.
Chemical Structure

Chemical Structure Image
Sodium citrate

Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Database. Sodium citrate, CID=6224, (accessed on Jan. 23, 2020)

Store below 25°C.
MIMS Class
Other Drugs Acting on the Genito-Urinary System
ATC Classification
B05CB02 - sodium citrate ; Belongs to the class of salt solutions used as irrigating solutions.
Anon. Anticoagulation for Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. Accessed 02/01/2019.

Anon. Sodium Citrate. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. Accessed 13/04/2016.

Buckingham R (ed). Bicarbonate. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference [online]. London. Pharmaceutical Press. Accessed 07/01/2018.

Joint Formulary Committee. Sodium Citrate. British National Formulary [online]. London. BMJ Group and Pharmaceutical Press. Accessed 02/01/2019.

Sodium Citrate 4% w/v Anticoagulant – Trisodium Citrate Dihydrate Injection Solution (Terumo BCT, Ltd). DailyMed. Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine. Accessed 02/01/2019.

Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Sodium citrate from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to MIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, MIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2022 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by
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