factor viia, recombinant


Novo Nordisk


Full Prescribing Info
Eptacog alfa (activated).
Eptacog alfa (activated) 1 mg/vial (corresponds to 50 KIU/vial), 1 mg/ml after reconstitution.
1 KIU equals 1,000 IU (International Units).
Eptacog alfa (activated) is recombinant coagulation factor VIIa (rFVIIa) with a molecular mass of approximately 50,000 Daltons produced in baby hamster kidney cells (BHK Cells) by recombinant DNA technology.
After reconstitution, the product contains 1 mg/ml eptacog alfa (activated) when reconstituted with solvent.
Solvent: clear colourless solution. The reconstituted solution has a pH of approximately 6.0
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Powder: Sodium chloride, calcium chloride dihydrate, glycylglycine, polysorbate 80, mannitol, sucrose, methionine, hydrochloric acid (for pH-adjustment) and sodium hydroxide (for pH-adjustment).
Solvent: Histidine, hydrochloric acid (for pH-adjustment), sodium hydroxide (for pH-adjustment) and water for injections.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Blood coagulation factors. ATC code: B02BD08.
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Mechanism of action: NovoSeven contains activated recombinant coagulation factor VII. The mechanism of action includes the binding of factor VIIa to exposed tissue factor. This complex activates factor IX into factor IXa and factor X into factor Xa, leading to the initial conversion of small amounts of prothrombin into thrombin. Thrombin leads to the activation of platelets and factors V and VIII at the site of injury and to the formation of the haemostatic plug by converting fibrinogen into fibrin. Pharmacological doses of NovoSeven activate factor X directly on the surface of activated platelets, localised to the site of injury, independently of tissue factor. This results in the conversion of prothrombin into large amounts of thrombin independently of tissue factor.
Pharmacodynamic effects: The pharmacodynamic effect of factor VIIa gives rise to an increased local formation of factor Xa, thrombin and fibrin.
A theoretical risk for the development of systemic activation of the coagulation system in patients suffering from underlying diseases predisposing them to DIC cannot be totally excluded.
In an observational registry (F7HAEM-3578) covering subjects with congenital FVII deficiency, the median dose for long term prophylaxis against bleeding in 22 paediatric patients (below 12 years of age) with Factor VII deficiency and a severe clinical phenotype was 30 µg/kg (range 17 µg/kg to 200 µg/kg; the dose most often used was 30 µg/kg in 10 patients) with a median dose frequency of 3 doses per week (range 1 to 7; the dose frequency most often reported was 3 per week in 13 patients).
In the same registry 3 out of 91 surgical patients experienced thromboembolic events.
An observational registry (F7HAEM-3521) covered 133 subjects with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia treated with NovoSeven. The median dose per infusion for treatment of 333 bleeding episodes was 90 µg/kg (range 28 to 450 µg/kg). NovoSeven was used in 157 surgical procedures, at a median dose of 92 µg/kg (up to 270 µg/kg). Treatment with NovoSeven, alone or in combination with antifibrinolytics and/or platelets, was defined as effective when bleeding was stopped for at least 6 hours. The efficacy rates were 81% and 82%, respectively, in patients with positive or negative refractoriness to platelet transfusions, and 77% and 85%, respectively, in patients testing positive or negative for antibodies to platelets. Positive status indicates at least one positive test at any admission.
Pharmacokinetics: Healthy subjects: Distribution, elimination and linearity: Using the FVII clotting assay, the pharmacokinetics of rFVIIa were investigated in 35 healthy Caucasian and Japanese subjects in a dose-escalation study. Subjects were stratified according to sex and ethnic group and dosed with 40, 80 and 160 µg rFVIIa per kg body weight (3 doses each) and/or placebo. The pharmacokinetics were similar across sex and ethnic groups. The mean steady state volume of distribution ranged from 130 to 165 ml/kg, the mean values of clearance ranged from 33.3 to 37.2 ml/h×kg.
The mean terminal half-life ranged from 3.9 to 6.0 hours.
The pharmacokinetic profiles indicated dose proportionality.
Haemophilia A and B with inhibitors: Distribution, elimination and linearity: Using the FVIIa assay, the pharmacokinetic properties of rFVIIa were studied in 12 paediatric (2-12 years) and 5 adult patients in non-bleeding state.
Mean volume of distribution at steady state was 196 ml/kg in paediatric patients versus 159 ml/kg in adults.
The mean clearance was approximately 50% higher in paediatric patients relative to adults (78 versus 53 ml/h×kg), whereas the mean terminal half-life was determined to 2.3 hours in both groups. Clearance appears related with age, therefore in younger patients clearance may be increased by more than 50%.
Dose proportionality was established in children for the investigated doses of 90 and 180 µg per kg body weight, which is in accordance with previous findings at lower doses (17.5 - 70 µg/kg rFVIIa).
Factor VII deficiency: Distribution and elimination: Single dose pharmacokinetics of rFVIIa, 15 and 30 µg per kg body weight, showed no significant difference between the two doses used with regard to dose-independent parameters: Volume of distribution at steady state (280-290 ml/kg), half-life (2.82-3.11 h), total body clearance (70.8-79.1 ml/h×kg) and mean residence time (3.75-3.80 h). The mean in vivo plasma recovery was approximately 20%.
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia: The pharmacokinetics of NovoSeven in patients with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia have not been investigated, but are expected to be similar to the pharmacokinetics in haemophilia A and B patients.
Toxicology: Preclinical safety data: All findings in the preclinical safety programme were related to the pharmacological effect of rFVIIa.
A potential synergistic effect of combined treatment with rFXIII and rFVIIa in an advanced cardiovascular model in cynomolgus monkey resulted in exaggerated pharmacology (thrombosis and death) at a lower dose level than when administering the individual compounds.
NovoSeven is indicated for the treatment of bleeding episodes and for the prevention of bleeding in those undergoing surgery or invasive procedures in the following patient groups: in patients with congenital haemophilia with inhibitors to coagulation factors VIII or IX > 5 Bethesda Units (BU); in patients with congenital haemophilia who are expected to have a high anamnestic response to factor VIII or factor IX administration; in patients with acquired haemophilia; in patients with congenital FVII deficiency; in patients with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia with past or present refractoriness to platelet transfusions, or where platelets are not readily available.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Treatment should be initiated under the supervision of a physician experienced in the treatment of haemophilia and/or bleeding disorders.
Posology: Haemophilia A or B with inhibitors or expected to have a high anamnestic response: Dose: NovoSeven should be given as early as possible after the start of a bleeding episode. The recommended initial dose, administered by intravenous bolus injection, is 90 µg per kg body weight. Following the initial dose of NovoSeven, further injections may be repeated. The duration of treatment and the interval between injections will vary with the severity of the haemorrhage, the invasive procedures or surgery being performed.
Paediatric population: Current clinical experience does not warrant a general differentiation in dosing between children and adults, although children have faster clearance than adults. Therefore, higher doses of rFVIIa may be needed in paediatric patients to achieve similar plasma concentrations as in adult patients, (see Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Dose interval: Initially 2-3 hours to obtain haemostasis.
If continued therapy is needed, the dose interval can be increased successively once effective haemostasis is achieved to every 4, 6, 8 or 12 hours for as long as treatment is judged as being indicated.
Mild to moderate bleeding episodes (including home therapy): Early intervention has been shown to be efficacious in the treatment of mild to moderate joint, muscle and mucocutaneous bleeds. Two dosing regimens can be recommended: 1) Two to three injections of 90 µg per kg body weight administered at three-hour intervals. If further treatment is required, one additional dose of 90 µg per kg body weight can be administered.
2) One single injection of 270 µg per kg body weight.
The duration of home therapy should not exceed 24 hours. Only after consultation with the haemophilia treatment centre can continued home treatment be considered.
There is no clinical experience with administration of a single dose of 270 µg per kg body weight in elderly patients.
Serious bleeding episodes: An initial dose of 90 µg per kg body weight is recommended and could be administered on the way to the hospital where the patient is usually treated. The following dose varies according to the type and severity of the haemorrhage. Dosing frequency should initially be every second hour until clinical improvement is observed. If continued therapy is indicated, the dose interval can then be increased to 3 hours for 1-2 days. Thereafter, the dose interval can be increased successively to every 4, 6, 8 or 12 hours for as long as treatment is judged as being indicated. A major bleeding episode may be treated for 2-3 weeks but can be extended beyond this if clinically warranted.
Invasive procedure/surgery: An initial dose of 90 µg per kg body weight should be given immediately before the intervention. The dose should be repeated after 2 hours and then at 2-3 hour intervals for the first 24-48 hours depending on the intervention performed and the clinical status of the patient. In major surgery, the dose should be continued at 2-4 hour intervals for 6-7 days. The dose interval may then be increased to 6-8 hours for another 2 weeks of treatment. Patients undergoing major surgery may be treated for up to 2-3 weeks until healing has occurred.
Acquired Haemophilia: Dose and dose interval: NovoSeven should be given as early as possible after the start of a bleeding episode. The recommended initial dose, administered by intravenous bolus injection, is 90 µg per kg body weight. Following the initial dose of NovoSeven, further injections may be given if required. The duration of treatment and the interval between injections will vary with the severity of the haemorrhage, the invasive procedures or the surgery being performed.
The initial dose interval should be 2-3 hours. Once haemostasis has been achieved, the dose interval can be increased successively to every 4, 6, 8 or 12 hours for as long as treatment is judged to be indicated.
Factor VII deficiency: Dose, dose range and dose interval: The recommended dose range in adults and children for treatment of bleeding episodes and for the prevention of bleeding in patients undergoing surgery or invasive procedures is 15-30 µg per kg body weight every 4-6 hours until haemostasis is achieved. Dose and frequency of injections should be adapted to each individual.
Paediatric population: Limited clinical experience in long term prophylaxis has been gathered in the paediatric population below 12 years of age, with a severe clinical phenotype (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions).
Dose and frequency of injections for prophylaxis should be based on clinical response and adapted to each individual.
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia: Dose, dose range and dose interval: The recommended dose for treatment of bleeding episodes and for the prevention of bleeding in patients undergoing surgery or invasive procedures is 90 µg (range 80-120 µg) per kg body weight at intervals of two hours (1.5-2.5 hours). At least three doses should be administered to secure effective haemostasis. The recommended route of administration is bolus injection as lack of efficacy may appear in connection with continuous infusion.
For those patients who are not refractory, platelets are the first line treatment for Glanzmann's thrombasthenia.
Method of administration: For instructions on reconstitution of the medicinal product before administration, see Instructions on how to use NovoSeven under Patient Counselling Information. Administer the solution as an intravenous bolus injection over 2-5 minutes.
Monitoring of treatment - laboratory tests: There is no requirement for monitoring of NovoSeven therapy. Severity of bleeding condition and clinical response to NovoSeven administration must guide dosing requirements.
After administration of rFVIIa, prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) have been shown to shorten, however no correlation has been demonstrated between PT and aPTT and clinical efficacy of rFVIIa.
Dose limiting toxicities of NovoSeven have not been investigated in clinical trials.
Four cases of overdose have been reported in patients with haemophilia in 16 years. The only complication reported in connection with an overdose was a slight transient increase in blood pressure in a 16-year-old patient receiving 24 mg rFVIIa instead of 5.5 mg.
No cases of overdose have been reported in patients with acquired haemophilia or Glanzmann's thrombasthenia.
In patients with factor VII deficiency, where the recommended dose is 15-30 µg/kg rFVIIa, one episode of overdose has been associated with a thrombotic event (occipital stroke) in an elderly (> 80 years) male patient treated with 10-20 times the recommended dose. In addition, the development of antibodies against NovoSeven and FVII has been associated with overdose in one patient with factor VII deficiency.
The dose schedule should not be intentionally increased above the recommended doses due to the absence of information on the additional risk that may be incurred.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in Description, or to mouse, hamster or bovine protein.
Special Precautions
In pathological conditions in which tissue factor may be expressed more extensively than considered normal, there may be a potential risk of development of thrombotic events or induction of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) in association with NovoSeven treatment.
Such situations may include patients with advanced atherosclerotic disease, crush injury, septicaemia or DIC. Because of the risk of thromboembolic complications, caution should be exercised when administering NovoSeven® to patients with a history of coronary heart disease, to patients with liver disease, to patients post-operatively, to neonates, or to patients at risk of thromboembolic phenomena or disseminated intravascular coagulation. In each of these situations, the potential benefit of treatment with NovoSeven® should be weighed against the risk of these complications.
As recombinant coagulation factor VIIa NovoSeven may contain trace amounts of mouse IgG, bovine IgG and other residual culture proteins (hamster and bovine serum proteins), the remote possibility exists that patients treated with the product may develop hypersensitivity to these proteins. In such cases, treatment with antihistamines i.v. should be considered.
If allergic or anaphylactic-type reactions occur, the administration should be discontinued immediately. In case of shock, standard medical treatment for shock should be implemented. Patients should be informed of the early signs of hypersensitivity reactions. If such symptoms occur, the patient should be advised to discontinue use of the product immediately and contact their physician.
In case of severe bleeds, the product should be administered in hospitals preferably specialised in treatment of haemophilia patients with coagulation factor VIII or IX inhibitors, or if not possible, in close collaboration with a physician specialised in haemophilia treatment.
If bleeding is not kept under control, hospital care is mandatory. Patients/carers should inform the physician/supervising hospital at the earliest possible opportunity about all usages of NovoSeven.
Factor VII deficient patients should be monitored for prothrombin time and factor VII coagulant activity before and after administration of NovoSeven. In case the factor VIIa activity fails to reach the expected level or bleeding is not controlled after treatment with the recommended doses, antibody formation may be suspected and analysis for antibodies should be performed. Thrombosis has been reported in FVII deficient patients receiving NovoSeven during surgery but the risk of thrombosis in factor VII deficient patients treated with NovoSeven is unknown, (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions).
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: No studies on the effect on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy: As a precautionary measure, it is preferable to avoid the use of NovoSeven during pregnancy. Data on a limited number of exposed pregnancies within approved indications indicate no adverse effects of rFVIIa on pregnancy or on the health of the foetus/newborn child. To date, no other relevant epidemiological data are available. Animal studies do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to pregnancy, embryonal/foetal development, parturition or postnatal development (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions).
Breastfeeding: It is unknown whether rFVIIa is excreted in human breast milk. The excretion of rFVIIa in milk has not been studied in animals. A decision on whether to continue/discontinue breastfeeding or to continue/discontinue therapy with NovoSeven should be made taking into account the benefit of breastfeeding to the child and the benefit of NovoSeven therapy to the woman.
Fertility: Data from non-clinical studies as well as post-marketing data show no indication that rFVIIa has a harmful effect on male or female fertility.
Adverse Reactions
Summary of the safety profile: The most frequently reported adverse drug reactions are decreased therapeutic response, pyrexia, rash, venous thromboembolic events, pruritus and urticaria. These reactions are reported as uncommon (≥ 1/1,000, < 1/100).
Summary of adverse reactions: Adverse reactions reported during clinical trials and from spontaneous (post-marketing) reports are listed as follows. Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness. Adverse drug reactions reported post-marketing only (i.e. not in clinical trials) are presented with a frequency of 'not known'.
Clinical trials conducted in 484 patients (including 4297 treatment episodes) with haemophilia A and B, acquired haemophilia, factor VII deficiency or Glanzmann's thrombasthenia have shown that adverse drug reactions are common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10). As the total number of treatment episodes in clinical trials is below 10,000, the lowest possible frequency of adverse drug reactions that can be assigned is rare (≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000).
The most frequent adverse drug reactions are pyrexia and rash (uncommon: > 1/1,000 to < 1/100), and the most serious adverse drug reactions are thromboembolic events.
The frequencies of both serious and non-serious adverse drug reactions are listed by system organ classes as follows.
Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Rare (≥ 1/10,000, < 1/1,000): Disseminated intravascular coagulation and related laboratory findings including elevated levels of D-dimer and decreased levels of AT (see Precautions); Coagulopathy.
Gastrointestinal disorders: Rare (≥ 1/10,000, < 1/1,000): Nausea.
General disorders and administration site conditions: Uncommon (≥ 1/1,000, < 1/100): Therapeutic response decreased*; Pyrexia.
Rare (≥ 1/10,000, < 1/1,000): Injection site reaction including injection site pain.
Immune system disorders: Rare (≥ 1/10,000, < 1/1,000): Hypersensitivity (see Contraindications and Precautions).
Frequency not known: Anaphylactic reaction.
Investigations: Rare (≥ 1/10,000, < 1/1,000): Increased fibrin degradation products; Increase of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase and prothrombin.
Nervous system disorders: Rare (≥ 1/10,000, < 1/1,000): Headache.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Uncommon (≥ 1/1,000, < 1/100): Rash (including allergic dermatitis and rash erythematous); Pruritus and urticaria.
Frequency not known: Flushing; Angioedema.
Vascular disorders: Uncommon (≥ 1/1,000, < 1/100): Venous thromboembolic events (deep vein thrombosis, thrombosis at i.v. site, pulmonary embolism, thromboembolic events of the liver including portal vein thrombosis, renal vein thrombosis, thrombophlebitis, superficial thrombophlebitis and intestinal ischaemia)
Rare (≥ 1/10,000, < 1/1,000): Arterial thromboembolic events (myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, cerebral ischaemia, cerebral artery occlusion, cerebrovascular accident, renal artery thrombosis, peripheral ischaemia, peripheral arterial thrombosis and intestinal ischaemia); Angina pectoris.
Frequency not known: Intracardiac thrombus.
*Lack of efficacy (therapeutic response decreased) has been reported. It is important that the dosage regimen of NovoSeven is compliant with the recommended dosage as stated in Dosage & Administration.
Description of selected adverse reactions: Inhibitory antibody formation: In post-marketing experience, there have been no reports of inhibitory antibodies against NovoSeven or FVII in patients with haemophilia A or B. Development of inhibitory antibodies to NovoSeven® has been reported in a post-marketing observational registry of patients with congenital FVII deficiency.
In clinical trials of patients with factor VII deficiency, formation of antibodies against NovoSeven and FVII is the only adverse drug reaction reported (frequency: common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10)). In some cases, the antibodies showed inhibitory effect in vitro. Risk factors that may have contributed to antibody development including previous treatment with human plasma and/or plasma-derived factor VII, severe mutation of FVII gene, and overdose of NovoSeven, were present. Patients with factor VII deficiency treated with NovoSeven® should be monitored for factor VII antibodies (see Precautions).
Thromboembolic events - arterial and venous: When NovoSeven is administered to patients outside approved indications, arterial thromboembolic events are common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10). A higher risk of arterial thromboembolic adverse events (see Vascular disorders as previously mentioned) (5.6% in patients treated with NovoSeven versus 3.0% in placebo-treated patients) has been shown in a meta-analysis of pooled data from placebo-controlled trials conducted outside current approved indications in various clinical settings, each of these having distinct patient characteristics and hence different underlying risk profiles.
Safety and efficacy of NovoSeven have not been established outside the approved indications, and therefore NovoSeven should not be used.
Thromboembolic events may lead to cardiac arrest.
Other special populations: Patients with acquired haemophilia: Clinical trials conducted in 61 patients with acquired haemophilia with a total of 100 treatment episodes showed that certain adverse drug reactions were reported more frequently (1% based on treatment episodes): Arterial thromboembolic events (cerebral artery occlusion, cerebrovascular accident), venous thromboembolic events (pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis), angina pectoris, nausea, pyrexia, erythematous rash and investigation of increased levels of fibrin degradation products.
Drug Interactions
The risk of a potential interaction between NovoSeven and coagulation factor concentrates is unknown. Simultaneous use of prothrombin complex concentrates, activated or not, should be avoided.
Anti-fibrinolytics have been reported to reduce blood loss in association with surgery in haemophilia patients, especially in orthopaedic surgery and surgery in regions rich in fibrinolytic activity, such as the oral cavity. Experience with concomitant administration of anti-fibrinolytics and rFVIIa treatment is however limited.
Based on a non-clinical study (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions), it is not recommended to combine rFVIIa and rFXIII. There are no clinical data available on interaction between rFVIIa and rFXIII.
Caution For Usage
Incompatibilities: NovoSeven must not be mixed with infusion solutions or be given in a drip.
Store powder and solvent below 30°C.
Store powder and solvent protected from light.
Do not freeze.
For storage conditions of the reconstituted medicinal product, see Shelf life as follows.
Shelf life: After reconstitution, chemical and physical stability has been demonstrated for 6 hours at 25°C and 24 hours at 5°C.
From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, storage time and storage conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and should not be longer than 24 hours at 2°C - 8°C, unless reconstitution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions. The reconstituted solution should be stored in the vial.
Patient Counseling Information
Instructions on how to use NovoSeven: Read these instructions carefully before using NovoSeven.
NovoSeven is supplied as a powder. Before injection (administration) it must be reconstituted with the solvent supplied in the syringe. The solvent is a histidine solution. The reconstituted NovoSeven must be injected into your vein (intravenous injection). The equipment in this package is designed to reconstitute and inject NovoSeven.
You will also need an administration set (tubing and butterfly needle, sterile alcohol swabs, gauze pads and plasters). These devices are not included in the NovoSeven package.
Do not use the equipment without proper training from your doctor or nurse.
Always wash your hands and ensure that the area around you is clean.
When you prepare and inject medication directly into the vein, it is important to use a clean and germ free (aseptic) technique. An improper technique can introduce germs that can infect the blood.
Do not open the equipment until you are ready to use it.
Do not use the equipment if it has been dropped, or if it is damaged. Use a new package instead.
Do not use the equipment if it is expired. Use a new package instead. The expiry date is printed after 'Expiry' on the outer carton, on the vial, on the vial adapter and on the pre-filled syringe.
Do not use the equipment if you suspect it is contaminated. Use a new package instead.
Do not dispose of any of the items until after you have injected the reconstituted solution.
The equipment is for single use only.
Contents: The package contains: 1 vial with NovoSeven powder; 1 vial adapter; 1 pre-filled syringe with solvent; 1 plunger rod (placed under the syringe).
1. Prepare the vial and the syringe: A. Take out the number of NovoSeven packages you need.
Check the expiry date.
Check the name, strength and colour of the package to make sure it contains the correct product.
Wash your hands and dry them properly using a clean towel or air dry.
Take the vial, the vial adapter and the pre-filled syringe out of the carton. Leave the plunger rod untouched in the carton.
Bring the vial and the pre-filled syringe to room temperature (not above 37°C). You can do this by holding them in your hands until they feel as warm as your hands.
Do not use any other way to warm the vial and pre-filled syringe.
B. Remove the plastic cap from the vial.
If the plastic cap is loose or missing, do not use the vial.
Wipe the rubber stopper with a sterile alcohol swab and allow it to air dry for a few seconds before use to ensure that it is as germ free as possible.
Do not touch the rubber stopper with your fingers as this can transfer germs.
2. Attach the vial adapter: C. Remove the protective paper from the vial adapter.
If the protective paper is not fully sealed or if it is broken, do not use the vial adapter.
Do not take the vial adapter out of the protective cap with your fingers. If you touch the spike on the vial adapter, germs from your fingers can be transferred.
D. Place the vial on a flat and solid surface.
Turn over the protective cap, and snap the vial adapter onto the vial.
Once attached, do not remove the vial adapter from the vial.
E. Lightly squeeze the protective cap with your thumb and index finger.
Remove the protective cap from the vial adapter.
Do not lift the vial adapter from the vial when removing the protective cap.
3. Attach the plunger rod and the syringe: F. Grasp the plunger rod by the wide top-end and take it out of the carton. Do not touch the sides or the thread of the plunger rod. If you touch the sides or the thread, germs from your fingers can be transferred.
Immediately connect the plunger rod to the syringe by turning it clockwise into the plunger inside the pre-filled syringe until resistance is felt.
G. Remove the syringe cap from the pre-filled syringe by bending it down until the perforation breaks.
Do not touch the syringe tip under the syringe cap. If you touch the syringe tip, germs from your fingers can be transferred.
If the syringe cap is loose or missing, do not use the pre-filled syringe.
H. Screw the pre-filled syringe securely onto the vial adapter until resistance is felt.
4. Reconstitute the powder with the solvent: I. Hold the pre-filled syringe slightly tilted with the vial pointing downwards.
Push the plunger rod to inject all the solvent into the vial.
J. Keep the plunger rod pressed down and swirl the vial gently until all the powder is dissolved.
Do not shake the vial as this will cause foaming.
Check the reconstituted solution. It must be colourless. If you notice visible particles or discolouration, do not use it. Use a new package instead.
Use the reconstituted NovoSeven at once to avoid infections.
If you cannot use it at once, see Shelf life under Storage. Do not store the reconstituted solution without advice from your doctor or nurse.
(I) If your dose requires more than one vial, repeat steps A to J with additional vials, vial adapters and pre-filled syringes until you have reached your required dose.
K. Keep the plunger rod pushed completely in.
Turn the syringe with the vial upside down.
Stop pushing the plunger rod and let it move back on its own while the reconstituted solution fills the syringe.
Pull the plunger rod slightly downwards to draw the reconstituted solution into the syringe.
In case you only need part of the reconstituted solution, use the scale on the syringe to see how much of the solution you withdraw, as instructed by your doctor or nurse.
If, at any point, there is too much air in the syringe, inject the air back into the vial.
While holding the vial upside down, tap the syringe gently to let any air bubbles rise to the top.
Push the plunger rod slowly until all air bubbles are gone.
L. Unscrew the vial adapter with the vial.
Do not touch the syringe tip. If you touch the syringe tip, germs from your fingers can be transferred.
Injecting NovoSeven with a pre-filled syringe via needleless connectors for intravenous (IV) catheters: Caution: The pre-filled syringe is made of glass and is designed to be compatible with standard luer-lock connections. Some needleless connectors with an internal spike are incompatible with the pre-filled syringe. This incompatibility may prevent administration of the drug and/or result in damage to the needleless connector.
Follow the instructions for use for the needleless connector. Administration through a needleless connector may require withdrawal of the reconstituted solution into a standard 10 ml sterile luer-lock plastic syringe. This should be done right after step J.
5. Inject the reconstituted solution: NovoSeven is now ready to inject into your vein.
Inject the reconstituted solution as instructed by your doctor or nurse.
Inject slowly over 2 to 5 minutes.
Injecting the solution via a central venous access device (CVAD) such as a central venous catheter or a subcutaneous port: Use a clean and germ free (aseptic) technique. Follow the instructions for proper use for your connector and CVAD in consultation with your doctor or nurse.
Injecting into a CVAD may require using a sterile 10 ml plastic syringe for withdrawal of the reconstituted solution.
If the CVAD line needs to be flushed before or after NovoSeven injection, use sodium chloride 9 mg/ml solution for injection.
Disposal: M. After injection, safely dispose of the syringe with the administration set, the vial with the vial adapter, any unused NovoSeven and other waste materials as instructed by your doctor or nurse.
Do not throw it out with the ordinary household waste.
Do not disassemble the equipment before disposal.
Do not reuse the equipment.
MIMS Class
ATC Classification
B02BD08 - coagulation factor VIIa ; Belongs to the class of blood coagulation factors. Used in the treatment of hemorrhage.
Powd for inj (vial) (white, lyophilised) 1 mg x 1's + solvent (pre-filled syringe) x 1's.
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