Lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide


Generic Medicine Info
Indications and Dosage
Intravenous
Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours
Adult: In patients with unresectable or metastatic, progressive, well-differentiated (G1 and G2), somatostatin receptor-positive cases, including foregut, midgut, and hindgut tumours: 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) via slow infusion over approx 30 minutes every 8 weeks for 4 doses. Dosage interval may be increased up to 16 weeks if severe toxicity occurs. For symptom control, concomitant use with somatostatin analogues is required; discontinue short- or long-acting somatostatin analogues at least 24 hours or 4 weeks, respectively, before each infusion. For renal protection, administer IV amino acid solution 30 minutes before infusion then continue during and for at least 3 hours after the infusion. Premedicate with antiemetics 30 minutes before IV amino acid infusion. Dose reduction, dosing interruption, or discontinuation may be required according to individual safety and tolerability (refer to detailed product guideline).
Contraindications
Pregnancy and lactation.
Special Precautions
Patient with previous chemotherapy or oncologic radiometabolic therapies with 131I-compounds or other therapy using unshielded radioactive sources; urinary incontinence, brain metastasis, bone metastasis, history of other malignant tumours (unless considered to be in remission for at least 5 years). Initiation of therapy is not recommended in patients with severe impairment of haematological function at baseline (e.g. Hb <4.9 mmol/L or 8 g/dL, platelet count <75 g/L or 75 x 103/mm3, leucocytes <2 g/L or 2,000/mm3) [except lymphopenia]. Renal (CrCl ≥30 mL/min) and hepatic impairment.
Adverse Reactions
Significant: Myelosuppression (e.g. anaemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia), myelodysplastic syndrome, acute leukaemia, renal failure, neuroendocrine hormonal crisis, infertility, tumour lysis syndrome, vomiting, nausea. Very rarely, hepatic tumour haemorrhage, oedema, or necrosis; intrahepatic congestion, cholestasis.
Endocrine disorders: Secondary hypothyroidism.
Gastrointestinal disorders: Abdominal distention or pain, diarrhoea, constipation, upper abdominal pain, dyspepsia, gastritis, dysgeusia.
General disorders and administration site conditions: Fatigue, inj site reactions, peripheral oedema, chills, flu-like illness, lethargy.
Hepatobiliary disorders: Hyperbilirubinaemia.
Investigations: Increased AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyltransferase, blood creatine; ECG QT prolonged.
Metabolism and nutrition disorders: Decreased appetite, hyperglycaemia, dehydration, hypomagnesaemia, hyponatraemia, hypokalaemia, hyperuricaemia.
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Musculoskeletal pain, muscle spasms.
Nervous system disorders: Dizziness, headache.
Psychiatric disorders: Sleep disorders, anxiety.
Renal and urinary disorders: Acute kidney injury, haematuria, proteinuria.
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Dyspnoea.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Alopecia.
Surgical and medical procedures: Transfusion.
Vascular disorders: Hypertension, flushing or hot flush, hypotension, syncope.
Monitoring Parameters
Verify pregnancy status before initiation of treatment in women of reproductive potential. Confirm the overexpression of somatostatin receptors in the tumour tissue with imaging (scintigraphy or positron emission tomography [PET]) before initiating treatment. Monitor CBC count, kidney function (CrCl, serum creatinine), LFTs at least once within 2-4 weeks prior to therapy and shortly before each administration, then every 4 weeks for at least 3 months after the last administration and every 6 months thereafter. Monitor for signs or symptoms of secondary malignancies and neuroendocrine hormonal crisis (e.g. hypotension, flushing, bronchospasm).
Drug Interactions
Somastostatin and its analogues (e.g. octreotide) may interfere with the efficacy of lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide. Corticosteroids may induce down-regulation of subtype 2 somatostatin receptors (SST2) which may lead to reduction of therapeutic effect of lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide.
Action
Description: Lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide is a β- and γ-emitting radionuclide that has high affinity for subtype 2 somatostatin receptors (SST2). After its binding to malignant cells which overexpress SST2 receptors, the resultant complex is internalised by the cell. The β emission from lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide induces cellular damage by forming free radicals in the target and neighbouring cells.
Synonym: lutetium Lu-177 dotatate.
Pharmacokinetics:
Distribution: Distributed in the kidneys, tumour lesions, liver, spleen, and sometimes, the pituitary gland and thyroid within 4 hours following infusion. Volume of distribution: 460 L. Plasma protein binding: 43% (non-radioactive form).
Metabolism: Poorly metabolised.
Excretion: Via urine (as intact compound; approx 60% within 24 hours and approx 65% within 48 hours after infusion). Elimination half-life: 71 ± 28 hours (terminal).
Chemical Structure

Chemical Structure Image
Lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide

Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Summary for CID 131952892, Lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Lutetium-_177Lu_-oxodotreotide. Accessed Sept. 27, 2021.

Storage
Store below 25°C. Do not freeze. Stable for 72 hours. This is a radiopharmaceutical agent, follow applicable procedures for storing, receiving, handling, administration, and disposal in accordance with national guideline.
MIMS Class
Targeted Cancer Therapy
ATC Classification
V10XX04 - lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide ; Belongs to the class of various therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals.
References
Anon. Lutetium Lu 177 Dotatate. AHFS Clinical Drug Information [online]. Bethesda, MD. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. https://www.ahfscdi.com. Accessed 09/09/2021.

Anon. Lutetium Lu 177 Dotatate. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. https://online.lexi.com. Accessed 23/09/2021.

Buckingham R (ed). Lutetium 177Lu Oxodotreotide. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference [online]. London. Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 09/09/2021.

Lutathera 370 MBq/mL Solution for Infusion (Advanced Accelerator Applications). MHRA. https://products.mhra.gov.uk. Accessed 09/09/2021.

Lutathera 370 MBq/mL Solution for Infusion (Novartis Pharmaceuticals [HK] Ltd). MIMS Hong Kong. http://www.mims.com/hongkong. Accessed 23/09/2021.

Lutathera Injection (Advanced Accelerator Application USA, Inc). DailyMed. Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed. Accessed 09/09/2021.

Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Lutetium (177Lu) oxodotreotide from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to MIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, MIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2022 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com
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