Pilocarpine - oral

Patient Medicine Information
Why do I need this medicine?
Pilocarpine is used to treat the symptoms of dry mouth caused by an autoimmune disease or by a radiation therapy for cancer of the head or neck.
How do I take this medicine?
Take Pilocarpine exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor.

You may take this medicine with or without food. Swallow it whole with a glass of water. Try to take it at the same time each day.
What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal dosing schedule.

DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.

If you often forget to take your medicine, let your doctor and pharmacist know.
When should I not use this medicine?
Alert your doctor if you have the following conditions:

- uncontrolled asthma
- excessive constriction of the pupil of the eyes
as Pilocarpine may not be suitable for you.
What should I take note of while taking this medicine?
Inform your doctor if you have the following conditions:

- lung disease
- heart disease
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- stomach ulcer
- gallbladder or bile disorder
- glaucoma (increase pressure in the eye)

Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

If you are going for an operation, including minor surgery and dental work, inform your doctor or dentist that you are being treated with Pilocarpine.

For as long as you are taking this medicine, you may need to have your eyes checked regularly to monitor the pressure in your eyes. Your doctor will advise you about how often you need to have these tests.
What side effects could I experience?
Pilocarpine may cause dizziness or some problems with your eyesight. If affected, do not drive or take part in any activity in which you need to be alert or need to see clearly.

Other side effects include any of the following: headache, eye pain or inflammation, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation, stomach discomfort, indigestion, excessive sweating, flu-like symptoms, weakness, chills, skin rash or itch and an increase urge to pass urine more often.

Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.
Can I take this with other medicines?
Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:

- medicines for high blood pressure or heart disease e.g. atenolol, propranolol, metoprolol
- medicines for asthma e.g. ipratropium
- medicines for stomach or intestine disorder e.g. atropine

This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Pilocarpine.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Avoid taking Pilocarpine with high fat meal. Ask your doctor about the types of food you need to avoid.

Avoid alcohol.
How should I store this medicine?
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.
This information is independently developed by MIMS based on pilocarpine - oral and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2023 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com
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