Mezavant XL

Mezavant XL Special Precautions





Zuellig Pharma
Full Prescribing Info
Special Precautions
Reports of renal impairment, including minimal change nephropathy, acute/chronic interstitial nephritis and renal failure have been associated with preparations containing mesalazine and pro-drugs of mesalazine. Mezavant XL should be used with caution in patients with confirmed mild to moderate renal impairment. It is recommended that all patients have an evaluation of renal function prior to initiation of therapy and at least twice a year, while on treatment.
Patients with chronic lung function impairment, especially asthma, are at risk of hypersensitivity reactions and should be closely monitored.
Following mesalazine treatment, serious blood dyscrasias have been reported rarely. If the patient develops unexplained bleeding, bruising, purpura, anaemia, fever or sore throat, haematological investigations should be performed. If there is suspicion of blood dyscrasia, treatment should be terminated. (See Interactions and Adverse Reactions).
Mesalazine induced cardiac hypersensitivity reactions (myo- and pericarditis) have been reported rarely with Mezavant XL and with other mesalazine containing preparations. Caution should be used in prescribing this medication to patients with conditions predisposing to the development of myo- or pericarditis. If such hypersensitivity reaction is suspected, products containing mesalazine must not be reintroduced.
Severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs), such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), have been reported in association with mesalazine treatment. Mesalazine should be discontinued, at the first appearance of signs and symptoms of severe skin reactions, such as skin rash, mucosal lesions, or any other sign of hypersensitivity.
Mesalazine has been associated with an acute intolerance syndrome that may be difficult to distinguish from a flare of inflammatory bowel disease. Although the exact frequency of occurrence has not been determined, it has occurred in 3% of patients in controlled clinical trials of mesalazine or sulphasalazine.
Symptoms include cramping, acute abdominal pain and bloody diarrhoea, sometimes fever, headache and rash. If acute intolerance syndrome is suspected, prompt withdrawal is required and products containing mesalazine must not be reintroduced.
There have been reports of increased liver enzyme levels in patients taking preparations containing mesalazine. Caution is recommended if Mezavant XL is administered to patients with hepatic impairment.
Caution should be exercised when treating patients allergic to sulphasalazine due to the potential risk of cross sensitivity reactions between sulphasalazine and mesalazine.
Organic or functional obstruction in the upper gastrointestinal tract may delay onset of action of the product.
Cases of nephrolithiasis have been reported with the use of mesalazine, including stones with a 100% mesalazine content. It is recommended to ensure adequate fluid intake during treatment.
This medicine contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23 mg) per the maximum recommended dose (4 tablets), that is to say essentially 'sodium‑free'.
Interference with Laboratory Tests: Use of mesalazine may lead to falsely elevated test results when measuring urinary normetanephrine by liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection, because of the similarity in the chromatograms of normetanephrine and mesalazine's main metabolite, N-acetyl-5-aminosalicylic acid (N-Ac-5-ASA). An alternative, selective assay for normetanephrine should be considered.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed. Mezavant XL is considered to have negligible influence on these abilities.
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