Adult: 2-4 mg as a single infusion over 2 hr. Max: 6 mg.
Intravenous Postmenopausal osteoporosis
Adult: 3 mg by inj over 15-30 seconds once every 3 mth. Missed dose: Give inj as soon as possible; then re-schedule next inj 3 mth from this inj; should not be given more frequently than once every 3 mth.
Intravenous Prophylaxis of skeletal events in patients with bone metastases, Prophylaxis of skeletal events in patients with breast cancer
Adult: 6 mg by infusion over at least 15 min 3-4 wkly.
Oral Prophylaxis of skeletal events in patients with bone metastases, Prophylaxis of skeletal events in patients with breast cancer
Adult: 50 mg daily
Oral Postmenopausal osteoporosis, Prophylaxis of postmenopausal osteoporosis
Adult: 150 mg once mthly on the same date each mth, alternatively, 2.5 mg daily. Missed once-mthly dose: If next scheduled dose is >7 days away: Take dose the next morning and return to original schedule; if next dose is <7 days away: Wait until the next scheduled dose; 2 tabs must not be taken w/in the same wk.
Oral: Prophylaxis of skeletal events in patients with breast cancer and bone metastases:
50 mg once wkly.
50 mg every other day.
Postmenopausal osteoporosis; Prophylaxis of postmenopausal osteoporosis:
Intravenous: Hypercalcaemia of malignancy; Postmenopausal osteoporosis:
Prophylaxis of skeletal events in patients with breast cancer and bone metastases:
2 mg in 500 mL soln infused over 1 hr 3-4 wkly.
4 mg in 500 mL soln infused over 1 hr 3-4 wkly.
Should be taken on an empty stomach. Must be taken at least 1 hr before the 1st food, drink or medication of the day. Take w/ a full glass of only plain water upon arising for the day & remain in sitting/upright position for at least 1 hr. Do not lie down, eat/drink anything except plain water or take other oral medicines for at least 1 hr. Swallow whole, do not chew/crush/suck.
Prevention of skeletal events: Add contents of vial to 100 mL of NaCl 0.9% or dextrose 5%. Treatment of hypercalcaemia of malignancy: Add contents of vial to 500 mL of NaCl 0.9% or dextrose 5%.
Hypocalcaemia; oesophageal abnormalities which may delay emptying (e.g. stricture or achalasia), inability to stand or sit upright for at least 60 min (oral).
Patient w/ disturbances of bone and mineral metabolism. Severe renal impairment (CrCl <30 mL/min). Pregnancy and lactation.
Flu-like symptoms (e.g. myalgia, arthralgia, fever, chills, fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, bone pain), atypical fractures, osteonecrosis of the jaw, ocular inflammation, acute renal failure, hypocalcaemia, musculoskeletal pain. Rarely, anaemia, bronchospasm, taste disturbance, paraesthesia, uraemia; transient fever (IV); abdominal pain, dyspepsia, severe oesophageal reactions (oral).) Potentially Fatal: Anaphylactic reaction/shock.
Monitor serum Ca, Mg and phosphate; serum creatinine prior to each IV dose; bone mineral density (osteoporosis).
Symptoms: IV: Hypocalcaemia;, hypophosphatemia and hypomagnesaemia. Oral: Upper GI effects (e.g. stomach upset, oesophagitis, dyspepsia, gastritis, ulcer). Management: IV: Admin IV Ca gluconate, K or Na phosphate, and Mg sulfate when appropriate. Oral: May give milk or antacid to bind the drug.
Decreased absorption w/ Ca supplements, antacids and other multivalent cation-containing oral drugs. Increased incidence of GI irritation w/ aspirin or NSAIDs.
Food may reduce absorption.
May interfere w/ diagnostic imaging agents (e.g. technetium-99m-diphosphonate) in bone scans.
Description: Mechanism of Action: Ibandronic acid inhibits osteoclast activity w/o directly affecting bone formation resulting to increased bone mass and a decreased incidence of fractures through reduction of elevated bone turnover. Pharmacokinetics: Absorption: Poorly absorbed from the GI tract. Decreased absorption w/ food. Bioavailability: <1%. Time to peak plasma concentration: 0.5-2 hr (oral). Distribution: Plasma protein binding: Approx 87%. Metabolism: Not metabolised. Excretion: Via urine (approx 50-60% of absorbed dose) as unchanged drug; faeces (unabsorbed drug). Terminal half-life: Approx 5-25 hr (IV); 37-157 hr (oral).